众所周知,acca考试科目分为F系列和P系列两大块，F系列主要是财会基础和技能方面的知识，P系列则是F系列的晋升知识。在着两大系列之间有一门科目它对于F系列的ACCA课程和P系列的高级课程起着承上启下的作用。这门课程就是ACCA F9，今天小编为大家整理出了一些ACCA F9的重要知识点，有兴趣的可以仔细阅读一下，甚至可以记录下来。
Venture capitalists are a potential source of financing for an SME.Venture capital is equity capital provided to small and growing businesses.Typically$1 million minimum is involved for any one investment.
The providers of venture capital include:
specialist venture capital providers(e.g.the 3i Group);
banks,insurance companies and pension funds;and local authorities and development agencies.
Before investing,the providers look for:
a product or products with strong potential(e.g.a new innovation);
solid management;and potential for high returns.
In order to invest,providers of funds would normally expect:
a business plan with medium-term cash flow and profit projections;
a dividend policy which promotes growth(i.e.high reinvestment of earnings);
an"exit route"(e.g.proposed time-scale for seeking a market quotation);*and the provision of regular management accounting information.
Venture capital trusts(VCTs)also serve as a potential financing source.
VCTs are listed investment trust companies which invest at least 70%of their funds in a spread of small unquoted trading companies.
The UK government gives tax incentives to individual investors in VCTs.
2、Private Equity Funds
A private equity fund attempts to gain control over a company in order to put it through a restructuring programme before either selling to another fund or listing the company on the stock market.*
The difference between private equity and venture capital is that private equity funds usually seek total control of the target company,whereas venture capitalists provide growth finance in return for partial control.
Business angels are private individuals(or small groups of individuals)who are prepared to invest equity(or perhaps debt)into small businesses with big potential.
Angels are often entrepreneurs who made their own fortunes in the high-tech sector,were wise enough to sell before the"dot.com"bubble burst,and now invest in small business as a hobby(although they do expect to make gains).
Angels not only provide finance,they also provide advice,experience and business contacts.A typical business angel will hold a portfolio of investments and may,for example,add an investment in a firm that makes health drinks if they already have an investment in fitness clubs.
Angels receive many applications for finance,and will only be prepared to invest in a business with an innovative product and talented management.